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Ohab-Yazdi, S.A., Ahmadi, A., (2015) Design and Evaluation of Irrigation Water Pricing Policies for Enhanced Water Use Efficiency, Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 142 (3), 05015011

Design and Evaluation of Irrigation Water Pricing Policies for Enhanced Water Use Efficiency

Authors

Sayed Ali Ohab-Yazdi Ph.D. Candidate, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Isfahan Univ. of Technology, 8415683111 Isfahan, Iran.

Azadeh Ahmadi Assistant Professor, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Isfahan Univ. of Technology, 8415683111 Isfahan, Iran (corresponding author). E-mail: aahmadi@cc.iut.ac.ir

Abstract

Utilizing economic instruments, especially water pricing, is a useful strategy in the management of water demand. In this study, water pricing policies along with incentive strategies through subsidies to farmers are implemented and simulated for improving the efficient use of water. To determine the crop pattern configuration and water allocation schemes, a genetic algorithm (GA) based optimization model is developed to obtain the potential maximum net benefit. The economic value of water is obtained using a combination of mathematical programming and residual methods within an optimal framework. In this model, water prices increase at the same time that subsidies are given to farmers to encourage them to use efficient irrigation technologies. Results indicate that implementation of this scenario increases the net benefit to US$249.3 million per year, which is 40% higher than the current historical value. Because of the efficiency improvements in the use of water, the economic value of water increases from US$0.133/m3US$0.133/m3 to US 0.178/m30.178/m3. The results demonstrate the significant effects of water pricing policies on persuading consumers to reduce their water consumption.

https://ascelibrary.org/doi/abs/10.1061/(ASCE)WR.1943-5452.0000610

 

Journal Papers
Month/Season: 
November
Year: 
2015

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